The pioneers




As said by Lady Lea Silveira Beraldo, in her site Imigrantes Italianos, all Italy faced an elongated period of crisis when, in mid-1800, the sad episode of emigration began. Sad because history shows us that immigrants coming from various Italian regions suffered several kinds of privation, even as to food, whose base was the corn, until becoming victims of pellagra, a disease that was already becoming endemic at that time. Seeking the closest Italian roots, we certainly will not find so many people who has the right to honor and knighthood. If we are guided by sensitivity, however, certainly we will find much nobility of soul in that suffering people.

Now let's go to the our immigrants' story:

Informations shared by Fábio Lusvarghi, from a book that tlaks about some families of Andradas city, in the Brazilian State of Minas Gerais:

1898 - Two siblings, Massimo and Domenico, were the beginners of the Lusvarghi family, in Brazil.

         I - Massimo has come from Italy married to Julia (or Henrietta) Aldegundes Chiarelli.
    - He brought the children:
         1. Eliseo, who married Auta Olimpia de Andrade (deceased on Dec, 21st 1933), daughter of Col. Luiz Teixeira de Andrade.
           2. Angelina,  married Augusto Gessoni, son of Paschoal Gessoni;

           3. Ovidio, married Annunciata Gessoni.

           4. Carolina.

           5. Ruggero.


           Eliseo Lusvarghi had a barber shop in the twenties and then, a small business.

         II - Domenico married Forghieri Chiara, born on Feb, 26th 1868
      - He brought three children:
            1. Augusto, later married Alzira Manzoli on Oct, 25th 1913 (daughter of Jacob and Emma Bemardoni Manzoli, born in Poggio Rusco, Province of Mantova, Italy).
            2. Armando, later married Euridice Manzoli, Alzira's sister.
            3. Alberto, who died single.


Here I add some informations gathered by myself:
      - The first Brazilian son was
Paulo,  married Haydee Viotti Nogueira de Sá.

      - The following children were born in Brazil:

          Elvira, who married Antonio Basso;

          Francisco, who married Ernesta Esperança;

          Ferdinando, who married Amelia Gomes Correa;

          Diomira (married the 1922 Alfredo Bensi, Domenico Bensi and Victoria Pinni's son),

          Rosalia (also Rosa), who married Henrique Milanese;

          Augusta (also Augustinha, or little Augusta, even so she were the tallest of the sisters), who married Antonio Sanches;

and finally

          Cypriano (from Domenico's second marriage), married Maria Antonieta Martins.

       - Domenico was merchant in Andradas. Later, he moved to Pirajuí, SP. Today, some descending ones live in Lins and Cafelândia, SP. Some others descendants from this ones are scattered so to speak for the whole country.

The following increased informations were obtained in public registrations:


         Domenico, who adopted the Brazilian name of Domingos, have arrived in Brazil  (29 years old), in the port of Santos, on Apr, 28th 1895, through the steam "Re Umberto", originating from Genoa, Italy, where they embarked on Apr, 05th 1895. He brought his wife Chiara (24 years old) and three children: Augusto (6 years old), Armando, (4 years old) and Alberto (2 years old). Also came the brother-in-law Ottavio Forghieri (32 years old) according to CHI Record No. 01543/89, of the Immigration History Center, an organ of the general State's Office of the Culture of São Paulo's State, which may be accessed here:                Immigrant Museum digital collection passengers Re Umberto Steamboat from 1894 to 1895

           In the same group, came Maria. I suppose she was Ottavio Forghieri's wife, because she was part of that immigrant group led by Domenico.


           Chiara died in Andradas, so Domenico married Emma Bernardoni, Giacomo Manzoli's widow. Tehn was born Cypriano.

Now, some informations originating from personal reports:

Current age:

Fabio says: - "Summarizing, Eliseo is my father's grandfather, Argemiro Lusvarghi is my grandfather (I didn't meet him), my father's" father.
  Fabio is born in Sao Paulo, but grown in Andradas and when he is not with any new project (he is a scenographer), spend part of his time in Minas. He has little or almost any contact with people of Lusvarghi family, changed some correspondence with two relatives from Sao Paulo some time ago, but that was just it.


              Emílio Lusvarghi, from Argentina, wrote the follwing:

              "The surname.
             The Lusvarghi's family, known in the area as the "Lusvarghet", (read: Lusvarget), is a relatively few numerous family whose lived and live from immemrial times, in the comuna (county) of Carpi, at the downs of Modena and in Rubiera, for sure with some axceptions.
              About this Chapter theme, I don't have so much information, despite my interest, unfortunately I don't have means to investigate and I'm so far from the information centers.

              One day before my aboard towards America, we visited in Genova, with Giuseppe, Enzo and Marco Vaccari, one person with the surname Lusvarghi, from Rubiera to deliver a package sent him from his parents from Rubiera, I didn't know neither him, nor his parents, but Giuseppe did. That person had some feminine costoms and used to live alone and oh! surprise, ina a wall had shown a pergamin firmed and stamped by the "Ufficio Araldico di Firenze, Heraldic Ofice in Florence, that discribed the origins and our surname's coat of arms.  
              I want to make it clear that the coats match the lineage, not the surname, but as our surname is so scarce, so located in the areas of Rubiera and Carpi and so old, it is easy to deduce that it is only one lineage.  

               A recent version thinks the surname may be derived from the name of Armenian origin "Lusvard". A variant of the surname is "Lusvardi" and is rooted for centuries in the highs of Modena.

I red the scroll, hastily, but I remember it well defined the surname like that:
               Surname possible Flemish origin, perhaps derived from the toponym Luxembourg obviously very Italianate over the centuries, but still recognizable in its two parts "lux", or bright or "lux" small and "barg", burg, fortress, (bright people or small fortress).

The surname is prior to the thirteenth century, perhaps belonging to a soldier of fortune under orders of the emperor who settled permanently in Italy.
                It's also possible a perhaps Lombard origin once Rubiera since had been occupied by this people of Germanic origin.
                Before the thirteenth century, our ancestors were already landowners and certainly yielded homage to the area's great Overlords. The family stabilized at the area of Rubiera and low Modena.

 About the family coat of arms, it consists of a shield surmounted by a king crown of pearls, cut by alternately blue and white (four blue and three white) horizontal stripes and in its interior it is a lion rampant in outlined position (facing left)."


              Fernando Augusto Lusvarghi, who lives in Toronto, ON, Canada, has been doing several researches on the origin of the family and gathered the results in a very interesting site. See it here:

Old age:


         According to histories told from father to son, from uncle to nephew, or from grandfather to grandson, etc., that to me they arrived from my uncle's Alberto Lusvarghi reports, his father Domenico, and his uncle Massimo (nick name Morete) were children of the also Domenico, here called Domenico (Senior), for not confusing with Alberto's Domenico father, that lived in Andradas. Domenico (Senior) was son of Francesco, from a relatively well succesfully family that lived in Tirol, an area on the southwest side of Austria, that included a part of the north of Italy, Austria and a part of Hungary. It was said that Domenico (Senior), more some siblings and cousins of him, were sent to study, internally in a school in Dijon, France, from where fled in the silence of the night, because of supposedly they have practiced some indiscipline actions, and they asked the emperor Franz Joseph, from the Austriac-Hungarian Empire, that it also included a part of the north of Italy, and they got passports showing the last name Lusuardi with the purpose of they emigrate to Italy and over there they would become unnoticed. This way, Domenico (Senior) fastened residence in the old area of Emilia Romagna, close to Tirol at that age. He married Capitani Diomira and they had the children that created the whole crop treated here.

         They said that Domenico, who was the job of transportation in Italy, plus than brother,  was one of the best friends of Massimo, and Massimo was a very tall and strong man, that could lift a traction animal with his arms (at that time, wagons were used in transportation jobs).

           They added that Domenico (Senior) have had other children, such as Jeronimo, Marietta, Lucia and Dionisio, I don't know if there were some other else. About those things my ancestors didn't speak a lot. Only when if they gathered, for some reason, even for disease in relatives, and they began to tell histories and stories. Then they spoke, for instance that at that time, it depending on the region, apart from the italian language, people spoke some dialect. And the dialect spoke by the family was very difficult. For example, "little Jerome", as was kindly called one of the sons of Domenico (Senior), was pronouced like "skes Jerimet". I don't know what kind of dialect was that but I heard from some italian people that it was probably from one of the regions of the old Austriac-Hungary Empire. Also I couldn't find where and when was born Domenico (Senior) and his father Francesco yet.

           Likewise, our ancestries told us that with Massimo and Domenico had come more two siblings or cousins of them, I don't remember well, but these two didn't disembark in Brazil. One of them could have disembarked in Buenos Aires and the other one would have proceeded for the north, not knowing them exactly where, but they thought he would have gone to the United States, because it was very common, at that time, the people want to "do America", as they called the fact of emigrating to North America.

             Uncle Albert told also that, a long time ago, the family ancestries lived in England when the last name of the family had another graphy (I don't know what) and some meaning like "warrior ship that twinkle on the sea".

              Once coming to Brazil, Massimo and Domenico probably, led by an ancient wish of the family, have decided to change their last name again, rescuing the original Lusvarghi, that remained until today.

              Some variations happened during that time because, in the burial of Chiara, the widower appears as Domingos Loswald and died her, as Clara Loswald. With this same last name, he appears Angelina's father (and her same also), in her marriage license with Augusto Gessoni, because in that document her father appears as Maximo Loswald and her as Angelina Loswald.


              Some variations happened during that time because, in the burial of Chiara, the widower appears as Domingos Loswald and died her, as Clara Loswald. With this same last name, he appears Angelina's father (and her same also), in her marriage license with Augusto Gessoni, because in that document her father appears as Maximo Loswald and her as Angelina Loswald.

               In the marriage license of Domenico with Emma Bernardoni, he appears as Domingos Loswaldi.

               In the certificate of my father's baptism, my grandmother appears with the correct last and first name, Forghieri Chiara, but my grandfather appears with the name Ivaldi Domenico. Some Losvaldi or Losvalde may also appear. As the people can see, variations might have happened until by mistake of registry office.

               A few time before the Second World War, Domenico went to Italy, with a citizen named Francisco Bertoli and they found there, in Reggio Emilia, a cousin of Domenico that was sick but he recognized Domenico and they talked for a long time at the opportunity. Many years latter a woman named Gianna (the sick's daughter-in-law) have confirmed such visit and the fact that the visitors were kindred of her father-in-law. Gianna has a daughter that, at least up to 1984, lived in Reggio Emilia and her name is Annamaria Lusvarghi, she is married and has two daughters. I don't know the girls' name.


                I appreciate an e-mail sent to me on 05/20/2007, by Emilia Lusvarghi, our cousin from France, who said the sick man my grandfather met in Reggio Emilia was her grandfather Riccardo (who died in 1966). Riccardo had 5 children: Nera, Lidia, Anna, Luigi (husband of Gianna and father of Annamaria), and Giuseppe, Emilia's father (Giuseppe died in 1981). Concerning the origin of our family, it seems that we came from Hungary, through the Tyrol and then Rubiera (near Reggio Emilia), where Emilia was born, she said. Thank you Emilia for the contact and nice words about this site.


                      Well, folks. That's all I was in memory. Every research I did, since last century, and every history I knew I have put it in here. I insisted on recording on that report all I know, according to doesn't get it lost in the time, because much more other things may have been lost, unafortunately, throughout the years. Maybe because never the people wrote them. They only told what they had ear.

A few time ago, we've got informations from Renzo Lusvarghi, Argentina, who sugested we put together data and informations from Lusvarghi around the world. Great idea. So we ask invite all Lusvarghi around the world to also send informations and family data in order to enrich our reporting in this Lusvarghi site.

Renzo's family has four members. His oldest daughter is, actually living in Dublin, Ireland. His sister is living in Washington, DC.

Also in Argentina lives Emilio Lusvarghi, who has added several important informations, such as the family coat of arms.
Today, Italy has less Lusvarghi than Brazil.

Anyway if you know or have heard notices to increase or modify that ones above, please contact me. And do it soon, because I am already a old man and so, suddenly, I will going "from this to the best place", as they said the older ones, despite that, regrettably, my oldest son, Luiz Octavio (and his wife) and my youngest son, Paulo Henrique, are gone away before me. It was tragedy.

Best regards and God bless you all.